Why do we need Interface Codeunits

And what is an interface Codeunit?

A Codeunit that you can execute with CODEUNIT.RUN to perform a given task is, from my point of view, an interface Codeunit.

An interface Codeunit has a parameter that we put in the

This parameter is always a table object.

We have multiple examples of this already in the application.  Codeunits 12 and 80 are some.  There the parameter is a mixed set of data and settings.  Some of the table fields are business data being pushed into the business logic.  Other fields are settings used to control the business logic.

Table 36, Sales Header, is used as the parameter for Codeunit 80.  Fields like No., Bill-to Customer No., Posting Date and so on are business data.  Fields like Ship, Invoice, Print Posted Documents are settings used to control the business logic but have no meaning as business data.

Every table is then a potential parameter for an interface Codeunit.  Our extension can easily create a table that we use as a parameter table.  Record does not need to be inserted into the table to be passed to the Codeunit.

Let’s look at another scenario.  We know that there is an Interface Codeunit  with the name “My Interface Codeunit” but it is belongs to an Extensions that may and may not be installed in the database.

Here we use the virtual table “CodeUnit Metadata” to look for the Interface Codeunit before execution.

This is all simple and strait forward.  Things that we have been doing for a number of years.

Using TempBlob table as a parameter also gives us flexibility to define more complex interface for the Codeunit.  Tempblob table can store complex data in Json or Xml format and pass that to the Codeunit.

Let’s take an example.  We have an extension that extends the discount calculation for Customers and Items.  We would like to ask this extensions for the discount a given customer will have for a given Item.  Questions like that we can represent in a Json file.

{
    "CustomerNo": "C10000",
    "ItemNo": "1000"
}

And the question can be coded like this.

The Interface Codeunit could be something like

With a Page that contains a single Text variable (Json) we can turn this into a web service.

That we can use from C# with a code like

var navOdataUrl = new System.Uri("https://nav2018dev.westeurope.cloudapp.azure.com:7048/NAV/OData/Company('CRONUS%20International%20Ltd.')/AlexaRequest?$format=json");
var credentials = new NetworkCredential("navUser", "+lppLBb7OQJxlOfZ7CpboRCDcbmAEoCCJpg7cmAEReQ=");
var handler = new HttpClientHandler { Credentials = credentials };

using (var client = new HttpClient(handler))
{
    var Json = new { CustomerNo = "C10000", ItemNo = "1000" };
    JObject JsonRequest = JObject.Parse(Json.ToString());
    JObject requestJson = new JObject();                
    JProperty jProperty = new JProperty("Json", JsonRequest.ToString());
    requestJson.Add(jProperty);
    var requestData = new StringContent(requestJson.ToString(), Encoding.UTF8, "application/json");
    var response = await client.PostAsync(navOdataUrl,requestData);
    dynamic result = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();

    JObject responseJson = JObject.Parse(Convert.ToString(result));
    if (responseJson.TryGetValue("Json", out JToken responseJToken))
    {
        jProperty = responseJson.Property("Json");
        JObject JsonResponse = JObject.Parse(Convert.ToString(jProperty.Value));
        Console.WriteLine(JsonResponse.ToString());
    }
}

This is just scratching the surface of what we can do.  To copy a record to and from Json is easy to do with these functions.

And even if I am showing all this in C/AL there should be no problem in using the new AL in Visual Studio Code to get the same results.

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