Windows Server 2019 (1809) finally shipped (again) and with that we have a new LTSC (Long Term Servicing Channel). This means that we will begin creating images for Windows Server 2019 as soon as our infrastructure is ready for that.
While waiting for 1809 images, you can use -UseBestContainerOS when running images with NavContainerHelper and it will automatically detect the best generic image to use for your host OS, whether that is Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019, Windows 10 1709, Windows 10 1803 or Windows 10 1809.
It will even detect that you are running an insider version of Windows Server and fall back to Windows Server 2019 generic image.
With the release of Windows Server 2019, I tried to just rebuild the generic image based on the new Windows Server Core 1809 image. SQL Server 2016 has always been used in the images, but it did cause problems with 1809, so I decided to switch to SQL Server 2017, which installs and works.
A few issues though encountered during testing:
SQL Server 2016 came with a version of Dac Framework pre-installed. SQL Server 2017 doesn't. Dac was used for importing .bacpac files in the container. I have changed this code to do a Just-In-Time download and install of Dac Framework 18.0 when needed.
When switching to multitenant setup, the container uses Export-NavApplication. This worked out of the box for SQL Server 2016, but for some reason SQL Server 2017 failed. After a lot of investigations, I found that setting -ServiceAccount on Export-NavApplication to NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM and adding the user to the database solved the issue. This also required the Export-NavContainerDatabasesAsBacpac in NavContainerHelper to remove this user on export.
The Cmdlets for Service Tier administration in old NAV and Business Central versions are expecting earlier versions of SQL Server DLL's:
By placing dependentAssembly sections the AssemblyBinding section in PowerShell.exe.config in the container, specifying that any attempt to load old versions of these DLLs, should take the new version:
<assemblyIdentity name="Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo" publicKeyToken="89845dcd8080cc91"/>
<bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-18.104.22.168" newVersion="22.214.171.124"/>
This function is placed in the NavContainerHelper, but it also used to install a newer version of the Dac Framework (than the one included in SQL Server 2016). This function has been changed to also use the new version (18.0) and it will just re-use the version installed in the container if possible. This fix is included in NavContainerHelper 0.4.1.0.
You will need NavContainerHelper 0.4.1.0 for supporting Windows Server 2019 and SQL Server 2017.
While writing this blog post, the generic images have been updated:
microsoft/dynamics-nav:generic still points to microsoft/dynamics-nav:generic-ltsc2016.
The version number of the new Generic image is 0.0.8.0.
All future images (NAV and Business Central) will be build on the new ltsc2016 image with SQL Server 2017.
All NAV and Business Central images have been rebuilt to use the new ltsc2016 image with SQL Server 2017.
All images are available as ltsc2019 as well as ltsc2016. In order to download the 1809 version you will have to append -ltsc2019 if using docker run. New-NavContainer will automatically detect that your host is Server 2019 and download the right image for that.
Remember that you can use ltsc2019 already today by specifying -useBestContainerOS to New-NavContainer or you can extract the files from a ltsc2016 container using Extract-FilesFromNavContainerImage and use them to run ltsc2019 image.
All dates are subject to change...