Item consumption to cost center

Dear all,

I am coming from SAP and there are some things I am wondering how to be done in AX (2009).

Say I have an item A123 on inventory (on-hand), can I post/consume it somehow to cost center? (like in SAP you would post with movement type 201, if anyone familiar with it).

Similarly, is there a possibility to make a purchase order with an inventory item but consume it directly, without inventory postings?

The scenario is that we are purchasing and buying some machines. Occasionally, we take some of those machines to our own use. They are relatively low-valued, so fixed asset should not be involved.

Thanks in advance.