The SCM-costing team in collaboration with SCM-Procurement team are happy to introduce a capability requested by customers for many years.
We introduce the capability of accounting for Misc. charges already at time of posting Product receipt.
This capability will provide customers with the opportunity to better estimate cost of purchase and avoid cost fluctuations at time of Invoice.
As this capability directly impact valuation of inventory assets and thus can be considered a change in accounting principle the feature will be controlled by a new parameter.
Path: Procurement and sourcing/Setup/Procurement and sourcing parameters
Note: In next major release of Microsoft Dynamics AX this capability will not have its own parameter but will be controlled by the Accrue liability on product receipt parameter on the Item model group.
We recommend the following parameter settings for accounting of inventories. Applying these recommended settings will make reconciliation to General ledger much simpler at end of fiscal period.
Inventory Management/Item model group
Post physical inventory
Post financial inventory
Accrue liability on product reciept
Accounts payable/Accounts payable parameters
Post product reciept in ledger
Procurement and sourcing/Procurement and sourcing parameters
Generate charges on product reciept
Accounts receivable/Accounts receivable parameters
Post packing slip in ledger
Production control/Production control parameters
Post picking list in ledger
Post reports as finished in ledger
Note: If you want to account for Misc. charges at time of posting product receipt and has checked marked “Generate charges on product receipt” you must as minimum also check mark “Post physical inventory” and “Post product reciept in ledger”
Before the Misc. charge will be accounted at time of posting product reciept it has to fulfil certain requirements.
Misc. charge code:
The Misc. charge code has to be configured so it will be accounted as Inventory asset.
In Fast tab Posting under field group Debit the Type has to be Item. The Credit type can be either Ledger or Vendor.
Misc. charge calculation categories:
Not all Misc. charge calculation categories will post at time of Product reciept. The table below list the Misc. charge calculation categories applicable and how the value is calculated.
Misc. charge calculation category
Applicable charge value on product receipt line
As per purchase order line applicable charge value
Received Quantity * Pcs value rate
Receipt net amount * % value
(Purchase order line applicable charge value / ordered quantity) * Received quantity
(Received quantity / Ordered quantity) * "PO line proportional Value"
*Proportional: A new Misc. charge calculation categories delivered as part of the feature
Note: Misc. charge calculation category = Fixed. No cost will be accounted for at time of posting Product reciept. The cost will still be accounted for at time of Invoice.
Note: Sales tax on Misc. charges will not be posted at time of product reciept.
Auto charges will now be applied on time of Product receipt if records correspond to the rules defined above.
Prerequisite for the example:
Item: Misc. charge D1
Valuation method: Moving average
Auto charge: 10.00 Category = Percent
Misc. Charge: 200.00 Category = Proportional
Indirect cost: 1.00 % on purchased price + Misc. charge cost
1. A purchase order of 10 pcs. is created. The unit cost is agreed at 100.00
2. Adding Misc. charge manually
3. Allocate the Misc. charges
4. Confirm PO
5. Post Product reciept.
Press button Charge: The user can validate the Misc. charges calculated by the system for the specific Product reciept prior posting.
Line net amount = 5 * 100.00 = 500.00
Charge code 04: 500.00 * 10% = 50.00
Charge code INS: 5/10 * 200.00 = 100.00
Press OK to post Product receipt
6. Validating posting of Product reciept
Purchase cost transactions
Validating the voucher
Indirect cost absorption
500.00 + 100.00 + 6.50
Auto Misc. charge absorption
500.00 * 10%
Misc. charge absorption
(5/10) * 200.00
Validating the physical cost amount on Inventory transaction
7. Post a Product reciept of the remaining 5 pcs.
8. Post Invoice of all 10 pcs and validate postings
For simplicity in this example no change in unit price or additional Misc. charges are added
Voucher of Invoice
Note: You will see a few 0.00 postings in the voucher. These are related to a current limitation in posting engine and will be addressed at a later time. The postings are not effecting any balances in General ledger.
Inventory transactions after invoice
The feature will be made available for following releases of Microsoft Dynamics AX.